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Does Increased Income Within Rural Households Lead To Improved Nutrition?

What We Know about the Linkages between Income and Nutrition: Evidence, Guidance, and Reality

Event Location

Feed the Future, the U.S Government’s food security initiative, aims for two high-level goals: increasing agricultural productivity and improving maternal and child nutrition. Evidence shows that at the population level, nutrition indicators are positively associated with household income, and since agriculture is the major livelihood for the majority of rural households in Feed the Future focus countries, it is critical to leverage agriculture to support better nutrition.

This webinar explored one key agriculture-to-nutrition pathway, which shows the connection between income earned from agriculture and improved nutrition through purchase of food and non-food items. We discussed the importance of income to nutrition, reviewed the existing evidence, and shared programmatic experience with achieving nutrition gains through the income pathway.

First, SPRING presented preliminary findings from a literature review on the relationship between rural household income and nutrition and a technical guidance brief prepared for USAID that proposes several key points that highlights income’s positive influence on nutrition. Then, FINTRAC provided a realistic view of the various challenges associated with making income work for nutrition based on its work in two countries.

Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture: Applying the Income Pathway - Technical Guidance Brief (PDF, 1.5 MB)

Income and Nutrition (PDF, 342 KB)

Tracking Agriculture & Nutrition Indicators (PDF, 936 KB)

Related Event: Key Steps for Nutrition-Sensitive Social Protection (Webinar, Secure Nutrition)


Moderator: Heather Danton, Director of Food Security and Nutrition


  • Sarah Titus, Food Security and Nutrition Manager, SPRING
  • Lidan Du, Research Advisor, SPRING
  • Sara Duran, M&E Manager, Fintrac