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The Future of Food and Agriculture: Trends and Challenges

Trends and Challenges sheds light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century. While extreme poverty and hunger have drastically reduced since the 1990s, environmental shifts, changing production trends, and a growing population have led researchers to conclude that without additional efforts to promote pro-poor development, reduce inequalities, and protect vulnerable people, more than 600 million people will still be undernourished in 2030 at the current rates. To address the challenges that stand in the way of meeting the Sustainable Development Goal for elimination of global poverty and hunger by 2050, the report calls for major transformations in agricultural systems, in rural economies, and in management of natural resources.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, February 2017.