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Agriculture and Nutrition Resource Review

The Agriculture and Nutrition Resource Review is a monthly selection of materials to keep you updated on research and developments related to strengthening linkages between agriculture and nutrition. Resources from this month’s review are featured below. To see materials from earlier editions, or to view resources from across SPRING's technical areas, visit the Resource Review.

Interested in a broader perspective? You can find interesting resources from across SPRING’s technical areas in the Resource Review

Reports, Tools, and Other Related Materials
A diverse collection of programmatic materials and news

U.S. Government, September 2016

As required by the Global Food Security Act of 2016, this strategy presents an integrate whole-of-government strategy and agency-specific implementation plans. This strategy reflects the unique skills, resources, and lessons learned from U.S. federal departments and agencies that contribute to global food security, as well as input from partners throughout the private sector, academic institutions, and civil society. It charts a course for the U.S. Government to contribute to the achievement of global food security and the range of Sustainable Development Goals, together with partners across the globe.

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), September 2016

This report champions a vision for a food-secure 2030 by building on the momentum of the passage of the Global Food Security Act, the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals, and the success of the World Humanitarian Summit. The vision is that 2030 will be a world free from hunger, malnutrition, and poverty.

Global Open Data for Agriculture & Nutrition (GODAN), September 2016

Open agriculture and nutrition data can play a role in solving the global challenges of food insecurity, health crises, climate change, and poverty. This requires changes in legal, social, and technological norms. This report reviews four possible governance strategies for ownership of open agricultural and nutrition data.

Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition, September 2016

Poor diet is the number one risk factor driving the world’s disease burden. This evidence-based report is designed to help policymakers make their food systems more supportive of high quality diets. Using modelling and trend analysis, it generates a new understanding of diets and food systems, and how they could change by 2030, examining several issues using a food systems approach.

Research Articles
Recent findings from academic and peer-reviewed journals

Miller, L.C., et al. Journal of Development Effectiveness (September 2016). pp. 1-19.

A 4-year longitudinal investigation reveals that a Heifer International intervention in Nepal was associated with significantly improved child anthropometry (related to the duration of intervention exposure) and child health. Heifer promotes livestock introduction and related training for community development and poverty alleviation. The study concludes that Heifer activities represent a viable nutrition-sensitive intervention, but these impacts take time to manifest and be sustained.

Hunter, D., et al. Frontiers in Nutrition (June 2016). Vol.3. 

Drawing examples from a multi-country project, this paper discusses the benefits of joining biodiversity with agriculture and nutrition efforts. Steps and actions taken in Brazil, Kenya, Sri Lanka, and Turkey provide suggestions for how to create enabling environments to mainstream biodiversity into global initiatives and national programs and policies on food and nutrition security. 

Miller, V., et al. The Lancet Global Health (October 2016). Vol.3. No.10.

This study assessed the mean fruit and vegetable intake by relative cost for study participants in 18 countries ranging from low- to high-income levels. Consumption of fruit and vegetables is low worldwide, but particularly in low-income countries, and is associated with low availability. Policies worldwide should enhance the availability and affordability of fruits and vegetables.

Koppmair, S., Kassie M., Qaim, M. Public Health Nutrition (September 2016). 

Most existing studies linking dietary diversity with farm production diversity build on household-level indicators calculated from seven day food consumption recalls. This study revisits this association using 24-hour dietary recall data, testing robustness of results by comparing household- and individual-level estimates. The report also analyzes the role of other factors that may influence dietary diversity, such as market access and agricultural technology.

Headey, D,D., Hoddinott, J. Agricultural Systems (November 2016). Vol. 149. pp. 122–31. 

Bangladesh achieved rapid growth in rice productivity at a relatively late stage in Asia's Green Revolution, as well as unheralded progress against undernutrition. This paper identifies the different impacts that productivity growth in a food staple(s) might have on child nutrition outcomes, with a particular focus on changes in diets at the household and child level. It then applies this framework to a descriptive overview of the evolution of Bangladesh's food system in recent decades.

Links to presentations, proceedings, and other meeting materials

Microlinks, September 2016

This webinar, hosted by the Leveraging Economic Opportunities (LEO) activity, shares how four Feed the Future projects in Sub-Saharan Africa have contributed to systemic change. These examples include activities in dairy standards, contract farming and equipment leasing, agricultural input and output markets, and farmer aggregation models. 

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), September 2016

In this event, Sir Gordon Conway emphasized that sustainable intensification offers a practical pathway towards the goal of producing more food while ensuring that the natural resource base, on which agriculture depends, is sustained and improved for future generations. He explored Sustainable Intensification through three mutually reinforcing pillars – Ecological Intensification, Genetic Intensification, and Socio-Economic Intensification.

Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition, September 2016

The roundtable brought together African leaders in agriculture and health to discuss opportunities for the agricultural community to achieve nutrition security through healthy diets. It aimed for renewed policy commitment to achieve positive linkages between agriculture and nutrition, and to shape national and regional food systems that will reinforce these linkages in a sustainable way. The event also built on the current political momentum arising from the recently endorsed UN Decade of Action on Nutrition and the African Leaders for Nutrition initiative.

Integrating Gender and Nutrition within Agricultural Extension Services, January 2017

This upcoming symposium in Zambia will share past experiences, human-centered design, and innovations in gender and nutrition issues in extension. It aims to provide nutrition specialists, extensionists, and people working in organizations addressing these issues with ideas, skills, access to resources and tools, and connections to build on their ideas.

Online Community Corner
Discussions and resources from communities of practice and professional networks

Agriculture Nutrition Community of Practice, September 2016

Appropriate indicators for measuring nutrition impacts in agriculture is a topic that has received much discussion. This call featured several recent publications supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, including the “Nutrition Indicators in Agriculture Projects: Current Measurement, Priorities, and Gaps.”

UN Standing Committee on Nutrition, October 2016

The UN Standing Committee on Nutrition is supporting accelerated action for nutrition over the Decade of Nutrition through an inclusive and participatory process, by initiating an online discussion to collect ideas from different actors working on nutrition. This online exchange is open to appropriate stakeholders to engage and connect, asking about their expectations, which critical activities should be included in the work program, how commitments should be accelerated, and how other relevant forums can contribute.