Skip to main content

Nutrition Budgeting and Financial Analysis

The Role of Budget Analysis
Download (PDF, 215 KB)

SPRING recognizes the important role adequate financing plays in any effort to improve nutrition at scale. In its recently released Nutrition Strategy, USAID highlights the importance of financial systems, stating that political will for nutrition must be reflected through financial support, at both the national and sub-national levels.

Tracking financing support requires several steps: costing a national nutrition plan provides estimates of the funding needed to implement nutrition activities; analyzing current budgets (government and donor) creates estimates of funding allocated to implement nutrition activities; analyzing expenditures reveals what percent of allocated funds were spent; and tracking expenditures helps determine why funds did not reach their intended destination.

Maximizing the Quality of Scaling up Nutrition Programmes Framework (MQSUN), UNICEF, the World Bank, and others have completed a number of nutrition costing activities. Costing, however, is only half of the picture: stakeholders need to know whether or not sufficient funding is being channeled to nutrition to meet the estimated costs.

SPRING focuses on the second step—estimating what funding is allocated to implement nutrition activities—and, to the extent that there are available data, how much of that funding was spent. This is what SPRING means by "budget analysis." The resulting information can improve advocacy for nutrition funding, increase funding transparency, and facilitate negotiations for donor funding.

Building from the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) movement's "three-step" methodology, we have worked with stakeholders in Uganda and Nepal to identify nutrition funding from various sources and across sectors. Complementing other efforts to identify and track nutrition spending, we have developed a methodology for this work that emphasizes the multisectoral nature of nutrition and encourages local ownership of the process through technical assistance and provision of tools to country-level policymakers.

Download "Funding the Cause" (PDF, 2.4 MB), a presentation on this subject given at the 2015 IHEA Conference.


PBN Nepal team member Madhukar B. Shrestha presents final district findings in Achham
April 2016
SPRING held three district-level dissemination events in Nepal to present results from the “Pathways to Better Nutrition” (PBN) Case Study, which focused on Nepal’s implementation of a National Nutrition Action Plan: The Multi-Sector Nutrition Plan (...
The SPRING Pathways to Better Nutrition Study Team
December 2013
Uganda, like many other countries, is facing competing demands for time, human resources, and funding within the realm of nutrition programming. In order to address the diverse priorities named by the international agreements to which Uganda is a sig...
Madhukar B. Shrestha presents the results of the PBN study in Nepal
May 2016
SPRING released findings from the multi-sectoral Pathways to Better Nutrition (PBN) Case Study during a national event in Kathmandu, Nepal on April 20th, 2016. The National Planning Commission (NPC) chaired the event. There were over 60 participants ...